The pool table game has been known as the "Noble Game of Billiards" as it has a vibrant history. This game has become more interesting since it is challenging, relaxing, and it's competitive. Moreover, it expands the analytical thinking of anyone. However, it needs a pool table, cue stick, and pool balls to play a pool table game.
It's insignificant to know how all of these game materials are manufacturing and what the pool game materials (pool ball, pool table, cue tip) are made of. Yet, it's interesting to know about the game's tiny details that may bring a lot of information on pool ball and pool table game.
Materials That Are Used To Made Pool Balls
Before telling you about the billiard balls materials, let me tell you something interesting about pool balls that will blow your mind.
- A high-quality Pool/Billiards/Snooker ball can withstand a massive load before shattering, around 5 tons of force.
- A Belgium company names Saluc S.A. manufactures Aramith and Brunswick Centennial brand pool balls which are currently the most famous. However, Saluc provides almost 85% of pool ball worldwide.
- It takes at least 23 days to make quality pool balls. A high-quality pool ball can get through 400000 impacts, and durability is 40 years long for home use.
See yourself this video to know about the pool balls.
Billiard/Pool balls are small-size balls known for their type, number, pattern, and color. Quality pool balls need to meet some requirements to be played, like hardness, coefficient, and good friction.
History of Pool Balls Manufacturing
Pool balls game history is very long and quite rich, though since it started 1340's. The pool balls game is play by the king, president, and many high-profile people at first. But pool balls is now a typical game that everyone can participate in, and it becomes directly competitive.
However, the earliest kind of pool balls were making from wood and clay when the game was invented. The following materials are fox born became popular to manufacture billiard balls in Europe.
Then the revolutionary changes were coming in manufacturing pool balls from 1627 to the 20th century. At that time, the ivory of elephants and whales are the most utilizing materials to make billiard/pool balls. In the 19th century, not only pool balls were produce of ivory, but other gaming materials are also produce of ivory-like baseball.
Ivory is also the main ingredients of manufacturing baseball. If you want to know about baseball manufacturing process, you can go through this post about the manufacturing process of baseball.
So it becomes an extinction of elephants, and inventors invent a new type of materials to produce pool balls.
Currently Used Materials to Manufacture Pool Balls
To reduce the use of ivory, John Wesley invents celluloid which is a nitrocellulose compound. It can also give the same shape and curve as ivory to pool balls. But the concerning thing is, it's highly flammable.
So, to prevent any dangerous outcome, the manufacturing industry tries to use synthetic materials and plastic. That's how pool balls manufacturing materials evolve from ivory to new types of cheap and available materials.
Phenolic resin is currently the most useful material for manufacturing billiard/pool balls. To obtain the desirable shape of the pool balls, the latex compounds are pouring into the molds. When the ball is ready, it needs to polish and measure the weight.
Today, Arimath and Brunswick Centennial produce pool balls produce out of Phenolic Resin, a thermosetting plastic that can be heating and melting again. Phenolic resin is not the only material, but polyester and acrylic also utilize to produce pool balls.
Materials That Are Uses in Pool Balls Table
There are four types of pool balls tables that are now playing: slate table, wooden table, metallic table, and acrylic table.
But a quality table is manufacturing from all of the mixtures of this element. Pool balls tables are 2.5 meters long and 1.2 meters wide that confirms the shape with a 2:1 ratio.
The pool table has a slate tabletop, and it has a covering of wood. Maple, Walnut, Cherry, Mahogany, and Oak tree are the most useful wood to manufactures pool tables with aluminum materials.
Pool Balls Table Size
The pool table comes in four sizes to play on different occasions. Pool tables are twice longer than the width. However, there are 7feet, 8feet, 8.5feet, and 9feet billiard balls tables that are uses.
Bar table sizes are 7feet, and regulation sizes are 9feet. Regulation size billiard balls tables are using professionally to play pool games.
What Are Cue Tips Produce Of
The preferable cue tips materials are leather. Soft cue tips are produce of cow skin, whereas hard cue tips come from pigskin. However, some player prefers cue tips from phenolic resin since it can transfer a high amount of energy to the cue ball.
But commonly, leather cue tips are most popular due to their consistency of hardness and efficiency.
Kamui Soft, Blue Diamond is the softer cue tips brand, and ADR tips and Predator are now popular brands.
Number of Balls That Needs To Start The Game
You need to know the game's common rules to play, like the color of balls, number of balls, etc. So it's essential to know how many balls it needs to play the game since the billiard balls has variety.
- It needs 15 objects ball and one cue ball, 16 balls, to play eight ball billiard balls.
- For playing a nine-ball billiard balls, it needs nine object balls and one cue ball to start.
- Seven objects ball and one cue ball are need to play seven ball pool.
- Three object ball and one cue ball needs to play three-ball pool.
- But if you want to play snooker, you need 15 red one-point balls, six color balls, and one cue ball to start the game, which is in the sum of 22 balls.
- To play three-cushion billiard balls, you need three balls to start. So, the number of the ball varies according to the type of the game. All of the balls have to set up/racking correctly after the game.
Colors of Pool/Billiard Balls
There are seven solid-color pool balls and the same colors as the striped ball. Those are yellow, blue, red, purple, orange, green, and maroon. In 8 ball billiard balls, there is also one black color ball, and the universal color cue balls are white.
Why Are Cue Balls Larger Than The Object Balls?
Cue balls were the as same size as object balls at first. But now, cue balls are slightly larger than the main object balls. Because cue balls and object balls have 5000 collisions, cue balls will lose their elasticity and shatters anyway. That's why cue balls are more extensive than object balls.
This is the basic information about pool game materials (pool ball, table, cue tips, number, and color). All of this information will lead you to the next level of the game and help you understand the game. I hope you will enjoy this article.
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